Population According to the latest Argentine census in 2010, the Argentine population has risen to 40,117,096, with a population density of 10.7 inhabitants per square kilometre.
The National Institute of Statistics and Census Data estimated the population would reach 42,669,500 by 2014.
The executive branch is exercised by the President and Vice-president, elected for 4-year terms, who may be re-elected for a single additional term.
The legislative branch is bicameral: the Senate (comprising three senators from each province and from the City of Buenos Aires) and the House of Representatives (comprising representatives elected directly and in proportion to each district’s population).
Climate Argentina offers a wide variety of climates: mild and humid in the plains of the Pampas, cold and humid in the far west of Patagonia, subtropical in the North and hot in the northeast.
Its border with Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile has a perimeter of 9,376 km, while the territory bordered by the Atlantic Ocean is 4,725 km long.The name Argentina It comes from the Latin term "argentum", which means silver.The origin of this name goes back to the first voyages made by the Spanish conquerors to the Río de la Plata.Currency The official Argentine currency is the Peso.There are notes for 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 pesos, and coins for 1 peso and 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents.