It is a pleasure to acknowledge the support, financial and other, which I have received from various sources in working on this project.In 1981 I received a grant from the American Philosophical Society to complete research on this book, and in 1988 a publication subvention from the Campus Research Board of the University of Illinois at Chicago.I also worked on the book while holding a Fellowship for College Teachers, awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities, in 1983-84, when I was a Fellow at the National Humanities Center, and while a Fellow at the Institute for the Humanities at the University of Illinois at Chicago in 1986-87.I received computer facilities and/or assistance from the Center for Research in Law and Justice at UIC, the Department of Classics at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, the UNC Social Science Statistical Laboratory in the Institute for Research in Social Science, the UIC Computer Center, and especially from Tajudeen Sokoya, UIC Publications Services, who helped me in preparing camera-ready copy. Bulger, editor at the University of Toronto Press, has patiently shepherded the manuscript through the publication process, and Kathy Gaca has improved the manuscript through her copy-editing. Ramsey for the suggestions and corrections he has made on sections on the manuscript which he has had occasion to look at in detail.As much as possible, I have used English words to designate the roles which the participants have in the trials (defendant, prosecutor, etc.).However, there may be many readers, especially those whose first language is not English, who will feel more at home with the Latin terms which these English words approximate, and so I include a list of the translations which I have chosen: The term ‘party’ has been used when we know that an individual was involved in a trial, criminal or civil, either as a plaintiff or prosecutor, or as a defendant, but we do not know which of those roles he played.Trials which took place outside Rome (such as before a provincial governor) and trials falling under military or religious jurisdictions are not included.
The reason for the latter date is fairly obvious; Caesar&apostr;s crossing of the Rubicon, and the ensuing civil war, marked the end of normal functioning of Republican institutions, even if they had already begun to break down in the 50s.This information helps identify the individual, and also, because of the nature of the Roman political system, provides the reader with some idea of the political stature of any senator at the time of the trial.In addition, any office relevant to the trial, or held during the year of the trial, is listed. After this information the reader will find citations of ancient sources, first the directly relevant sources, and second (following the suggestion ‘see also’), sources which provide indirectly relevant material.trials and possible trials, criminal and civil, which date from the last century of the Roman Republic, and about which some information has survived.The purpose of this work is to convey the sort of information which we might expect to find in court records, although, of course, it is not in reality such a documentary source, and should not be treated as one.