If, for example, we had no other means of dating 1 Corinthians, we should know that it was in existence by the time Clement of Rome’s letter to the Corinthians was written (i.e. A document such as Ephesians, in which this tendency is detected, is on that score alone denied apostolic authorship by one influential school of thought. If I could agree with him in identifying the fragment as a piece of Mark’s Gospel, I should then be tempted to give my imagination free rein and suggest that this and other manuscripts in cave 7 were, somehow and some time, brought from Rome to Palestine in the jar found in that cave on which the Hebrew or Aramaic word for “Rome” is written twice.We will avoid such dubious conclusions if we rely as far as possible on more objective criteria for dating the New Testament books. But that admittedly would be both speculative and subjective—a far cry from the objective criteria I have advocated in this article! Bruce [was] professor of biblical criticism and exegesis at the University of Manchester, England, and [was] a consulting editor of ETERNITY.In the next chapter, however, what was a remote contingency has become an imminent certainty: the readers are prepared to meet a “fiery trial” in which they will “share Christ’s sufferings,” and the conditional clause “if one suffers as a Christian” is not expressed as something conceivable yet unlikely, but as something to be expected (1 Pet. The date of I Peter is therefore, in my judgment, pin-pointed with unusual precision. If we had no other means of dating the Gospel of John, we should know that it was in existence by the time Basilides quoted it about A. 130; or, if we lacked that, we would have Heracleon’s commentary on it a generation later. A much more precarious criterion is the stage of the development of Christian doctrine and practice which the various documents presuppose.DATING FROM REFERENCES IN OTHER WORKS Another criterion for dating a work is found in the earliest references to its existence in other works which can be dated. Indeed, Heracleon’s teacher, Valentinus, is credibly reported by Tertullian to have made reference to all the books in the New Testament canon, which would indicate that they were all in existence by A. For example, some contemporary scholars recognize in certain New Testament documents a stage which they call “primitive catholicism,” marked by an increasing organization of church life and teaching, inimical to the apostolic emphasis on justification by faith and spiritual liberty.© Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals Inc, 600 Eden Rd, Lancaster PA 17601, USA.© 1972 F.
were so varied that statements of time made in that age are difficult to interpret.So we have to look for other criteria by which to date the New Testament.One of the most useful is: a work must be dated sometime after the latest historical event to which it refers.i BET & Gen Ibet, through Pharma Portugal, were present for the first time at the CPh I North America 2018 - International Pharmaceutical Industry Convention, which ran from April 24 to 26 in Philadelphia, USA.CHRONOLOGY OF THE NEW TESTAMENTOutline It is difficult to assign exact dates to many of the events of the NT for the following reasons: (1) Secular historians of the 1st cent.