For example, the text mentions Yavanas and the White Huns who obviously did not exist in the 3rd millennium BCE.
We also have to look at the type and size of the houses from that period and the food and animals that were present.
There is a problem with the earlier date because Mathura, Indraprastha, Kurukshetra, Kampilya and various other places mentioned in the epic did not exist at that time.
Dwaraka had settlements from the Harappan period, but then none of the sites associated with Krishna such as Mathura had anyone living there.
Archaeology revealed not only the floods, but also the settlement of Kausambi at a later date than the settlement of Hastinapura.
This happened around 800 BCE according to the data from Kaushambi, and since the flood happened during the time of the fifth descendant of Parikshit, the war could have happened around 900 BCE.
There are some clues from a similar exercise conducted on the Odyssey but is that a good explanation.?
Though we don’t have a convincing explanation for how the authors of Mahabharata came up with data from an earlier period, but we do have an explanation for how they knew about Yavanas and Huns.
It also has to explain various other references that are present in the text.A few have used astronomical methods to determine the time of the Mahabharata. All in all, it is possible to state that the dates as derived by Dr. They have been prejudiced against the richness of the Indian Civilization in the past and have always tried to attribute much later dates and consequently lo denigrate the glorious past of India. Vartak has derived the date of the initiation of the Mahabharata War to be 16th October 5562 B. This proposed date has been examined by a few scholars and has been verified. It is possible to determine the date of an astronomical reference by considering the movements of the planets including the Sun and the Moon in the various constellations of the sky, the movement of the Earth with its axis inclined to the ecliptic and the precession and nutation of this axis as well as the seasonal changes referred to in the text. This may prove to be a break-through in deciding the chronology of the events in the history of India (and probably the World). Vartak has also derived the dates of Ramayana and the Vedas which has also been published as a book. Quite a number of efforts have been made by various scholars to find the date of the Mahabharata War.Various methods have been used, using historical references in the Puranas, language conditions, archaeological findings etc. Vartak from Pune carefully studied the astronomical references in the Mahabharata and corroborated the same with historical and archeological evidences. Vartak are more accurate than the various other dates propounded by other scholars who have been carried away by the statements made by Western scholars.