Linguistic evidence and the dating of qoheleth

Commentators have suggested Job himself, Elihu, Moses, Solomon, and others. Zoomorphism: The assigning of some part of an animal to God’s Person to convey certain truths about God (cf. , 20; James ), the author is unknown and there are no textual claims as to the author’s identify. They aspired to a life fulfilled in Christ in both an explicit and an implicit way, both consciously and unconsciously. There are three kinds of poetry: (1) lyric poetry, which was originally accompanied by music on the lyre (the Psalms); (2) didactic poetry, which, using maxims, was designed to communicate basic principles of life (Proverbs, Ecclesiastes); (3) dramatic poetry, which used dialog to communicate its message (Job and the Song of Solomon). In contrast to English verse which manipulates sound and emphasizes rhyme and meter, Hebrew poetry repeats and rearranges thoughts rather than sounds. Metaphor: This is a comparison in which one thing is likened to another without the use of a word of comparison as in “like” or “as.” In Psalm 23:1, David says, “The Lord is my Shepherd,” that is, He is to me like a shepherd is to his sheep (see also ; 91:4). Implication: This occurs when there is only an implied comparison between two things in which the name of one thing is used in place of the other (cf. The English name, Job, comes from the Hebrew But not all agree. Regarding this element Geisler writes: Whereas the foundation was laid for Christ in the Law and preparation was made for Christ in the books of History, the books of Poetry reveal the aspiration for Christ in the hearts of the people. These are parallelism, rhythm, a rich use of imagery, and figures of speech. Set in the time of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph, the Book of Job derives its name from its chief character, a man called Job, who, experiencing extreme suffering (the loss of wealth, family and health), struggles with the question of why? While Hebrew poetry occurred throughout Old Testament history, there were three primary periods of poetic literature. It clearly teaches the sovereignty of God and the need for man to acknowledge such. As such, The book wrestles with the age-old question: Why do righteous men suffer, if God is a God of love and mercy?We ought clearly to understand, also, that the term “poetical” refers only to their form. This answer is given against the background of the stereotyped views of Job’s three “comforters,” Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar.It must not be thought to imply that they are simply the product of human imagination.… The Prophetical—relates to Israel’s future life as fulfilled in the Messiah. A further purpose is certainly to demonstrate the conflict of the ages between God and Satan and to show the relationship of suffering to this conflict. The key words are “affliction, misery, hardship, etc.” (9 times), “righteous” or “righteousness” (20 times), but the key concept is the sovereignty of God.

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These five poetical books are concerned with individuals, as such. There are stretches of unexcellable poetry in the writings of the prophets, which we shall come to later … Even though man is unable to see the issues of life with the breadth and vision of the Almighty; nevertheless God really knows what is best for His own glory and for our ultimate good.

These books portray real human experience, and grapple with profound problems, and express big realities. 2:3-6 And the Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered My servant Job?

Especially too they concern themselves with the experiences of the godly, in the varying vicissitudes of this changeful life which is ours under the sun … The Historical—relates to Israel’s national development and life. For there is no one like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man fearing God and turning away from evil.

The previous survey of the first seventeen books (Law and History), Genesis through Nehemiah, covered the whole history of the Old Testament. Elihu, however, declared that suffering is often the means of purifying the righteous.

All the remaining books, Poetical and Prophetical, fit somewhere into the history of those seventeen books. God’s purpose, therefore, was to strip away all of Job’s self-righteousness and to bring him to the place of complete trust in Him.

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