As technology became more compact and affordable, the popularity of smartphones in the United States grew exponentially.
Anthony Turner characterizes Generation Z as having a 'digital bond to the Internet', and argues that it may help youth to escape from emotional and mental struggles they face offline.
This date makes Post-Millennials 4 years of age or younger at the time of the attacks, so having little or no memory of the event.
Pew indicated they'd use 1997 for future publications but would remain open to date recalibration.
Both the September 11 terrorist attacks and the Great Recession have greatly influenced the attitudes of this generation in the United States.
However, unlike the older Millennials, Generation Z typically have no memories of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
Author Neil Howe defines the cohort as people born from approximately 2005–2025, but describes the dividing line between Generation Z and Millennials as "tentative" saying, "you can’t be sure where history will someday draw a cohort dividing line until a generation fully comes of age".
The name Generation Z was suggested, although journalist Bruce Horovitz thought that some might find the term "off-putting".
Some other names that were proposed included: i Generation, Gen Tech, Gen Wii, Net Gen, Digital Natives, and Plurals.
Australia's Mc Crindle Research Centre defines Generation Z as those born between 1995–2009, starting with a recorded rise in birth rates, and fitting their newer definition of a generational span with a maximum of 15 years.
A 2018 report from Pew Research Center defines "Post-Millennials" as born from 1997 onward, choosing this date for "key political, economic and social factors", including September 11th terrorist attacks.